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IDA Information Sheets & Practical Guides


Image Courtesy of Cindy & Dan Duriscoe

IDA Information Sheets and Practical Guides are provided for educational, non-commercial use only. All material is copyrighted by IDA unless otherwise noted. Terms of use for images. 

NEW!! - Visit the Teaching Resources or the International Year of Astronomy 2009 page for downloadable brochures and posters. This resource is designed to be printed out at your location on regular copy paper and can be distributed at your discretion.

Practical Guides

This new series of resources provides basic knowledge of an issue, describes simple steps you can do to help resolve it, and references additional materials so you can increase your knowledge. Please look through the topics listed below to find one or several that best suit your interests. This is an ongoing project to provide the most up-to-date information on a variety of topics. Be sure to check back for additional Practical Guides in the future. 

 

Practical Guide: Introduction to Light Pollution (PG-1)

Black and white version of PG-1

 

 

Practical Guide: Effects of Artificial Light at Night on Wildlife (PG-2)

Black and white version of PG-2

 

New!! Practical Guide: Residential Lighting (Good Neighbor Guide) (PG-3)

Black and white version of PG-3 

 

Consequences of Light Pollution

Overviews

Astronomy

Economy

Energy

Environment

Health & Vision

Safety & Security 

Wildlife Conservation

 

Lighting

 

Good/Dark Sky Friendly Lighting

Bad Lighting

Security Lighting

Street Lighting

Residential/Good Neighbor Lighting

Commercial Lighting

Campus Lighting

City Lighting

Technical Lighting

    

Lighting Ordinances

General Information

 

Dark Sky Advocacy

Getting Started

Public Outreach

Campaigning for Dark Skies

Documenting Light Pollution

Grass-Roots Fundraising

 

The International Dark-Sky Association (IDA)

General Information

IDA Sections

   

    

General Light Pollution Issues

    Overviews

 

  1. The Problem with Light Pollution

     Contaminacin Lumnica - Problema de Todos (Espaol)

 

 65. Leaflet: On Light Pollution (reprinted with permission of Ontario Hydro)

 

114. Illumination Levels: Then and Now by Louis Bevier Spinney 

       (excerpt from A Text-Book of Physics (1911))

 

 

115. Lighting Efficiency, Then and Now by Louis Bevier Spinney 

       (excerpt from A Text-Book of Physics (1925))

 

134. Contaminacin Lumnica: El Problema, Las Soluciones (Espaol)

 

    Astronomy

 10. Summary of IAU Colloquium No. 112 

Light Pollution, Radio Interference, and  Space Debris--The Increasing Environmental Impacts on Observational Astronomy (reprinted with IAU permission).

 

 

 11. Estimating the Level of Sky Glow Due to Cities

 

 20. Sky glow Effects on Existing Large Telescopes  

 

 45. International Astronomy Union Resolutions About the Issues

 

 53. World Administrative Radio Conference-92: Principal Results of Importance to  Radio Astronomy by A.R. Thompson

 

11. Impressions of a Night Sky Unaffected by Light Pollution

 

112. More About Sky Glow Calculations Using Walker's Law

 

120. Light Pollution and Limiting Magnitude

 

184. Preserving the Common Heritage of All Humanity: Radio Astronomy and Interference

 

    Economy

  4. Operating Data and the Economics of Different Lamps

 26. Economic Issues in Wasted and Inefficient Outdoor Lighting

179. Too Much Outdoor Lighting Pollutes the Sky, Wastes energy, and Creates Safety Hazard (reprinted with permission by the National Lighting Bureau)

 

    Energy

 52. Efficient Outdoor Lighting

115. Illumination Levels: Then and Now by Louis Bevier Spinney 

(excerpt from A Text-Book of Physics (1925))

179. Too Much Outdoor Lighting Pollutes the Sky, Wastes energy, and Creates Safety Hazard (reprinted with permission by the National Lighting Bureau)

 

    Environment

 21. Light Pollution: Another Threat to the Environment (poster paper by Dr. David L. Crawford)

125. Environmental Effects of Roadway Lighting by Carl Shaflik

193. Bright Lights, Big Ocean by Dr. Richard Podolsky

 

    Health & Vision

136. Some Issues on Low Light Level Vision By Dr. David L. Crawford

154. Reclaiming the Milky Way by Dr. Stephen M. Pauley, M.D.

156. The Aging Eye--Some Basic Information

 

    Safety & Security

 24. Security Lighting: Let's Have Real Secuity, Not Bad Lighting     (En Espaol)

 51. Lighting and Crime

 63. U.S. Department of Justice Study of Street Lighting and Crime

104. Rethinking the Conventional Wisdom of Security Lighting 

      (excerpt reprinted with permission of the author, Henri Brub)

179. Too Much Outdoor Lighting Pollutes the Sky, Wastes energy, and Creates Safety Hazard (reprinted with permission by the National Lighting Bureau)

 

    Wildlife Conservation

 29. Turtles and Outdoor Lighting in Florida by Kristen Nelson

109. Impact of Outdoor Lighting on Moths by Kenneth D. Frank 

       (excerpt reprinted with permission of Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society)

182. Artificial Lighting and Wildlife--A Moth to a Flame by Ted Schaar

187. Effects of Artificial Light at Night on Wildlife

 

Lighting

    Good/Dark Sky Friendly Lighting

 12. Recommendations for Effective Outdoor Lighting

 30. Discussion and Partial List of Lighting Fixtures

 32. Telling the Difference Between Different Lighting Sources

 34. We All Need Good Outdoor Nighttime Lighting

 52. Efficient Outdoor Lighting

106. Advice Before Installling an Outdoor Lighting System

122. Examples of Good and Bad Lighting Fixtures

138. Evaluating and Existing or Proposed Lighting Installation by Paul Lutkevich

159. Shielding Floodlights: Improving Performance to Prevent Glare, Light Trespass, and Light Pollution by Bob Crelin

168. Dark Skies and the Camping/RV Experience by John Gilkison

194. Sensible Shore Lighting

 

    Bad Lighting

  3. Why We Don't Like the 175 Watt Mercury Fixture

 42. Some Lighting Myths 

 66. What to do About Those !@#$* Streetlights

122. Examples of Good and Bad Lighting Fixtures

131. Light Pollution: Are You a Culprit? by L. J. von Maltitz

 

Street Lighting

 61. Quality Street Lighting by George Eslinger

 63. U.S. Department of Justice Study of Street Lighting and Crime

 66. What to do About Those !@#$* Streetlights

117. State DOT Roadway Lighting Survey Results by David Oesper

125. Environmental Effects of Roadway Lighting by Carl Shaflik    

 

     Commercial Lighting

 35. Billboards

130. Communication Tower Lighting

145. Service Station/Convenience Store Lighting

150. Uplight Impacts of Canopy Lighting by Dr. Christian B. Luginbuhl

155. How to Ask

166. ATM LIghting

185. Sports and Recreational Area Lighting

 

    Campus Lighting

 23. Campus Lighting and Similar Applications

 27. Control of Outdoor Lighting at Wesleyan University by Arthur Upgren

 54. Dark Campus Programs Reduce Vandalism and Save Energy 

      (reprinted with permission from Building Operator/Iris Communications)

 

    City Lighting

139. Why Should a City Government Be Concerned About Light Pollution? 

       by John Gilkison

172. Outdoor Lighting Ordinances and Community Standards

185. Sports and Recreational Area Lighting

192. The Urban Nightscape--Our Next Frontier by Chris Walker

194. Sensible Shore Lighting

 

    Technical Lighting

  4. Operating Data and the Economics of Different Lamps

 76. Exterior Lighting: Glare and Light Trespass by Andrew S. Kosiorek

 78. Basic Lighting Laws and Some Notes on Pole Spacing Geometry

118. Lighting Software for Control of Obtrusive and Upward Light by Peter Jarvis

123. Some Notes on Cutoff Angle and Glare

125. Environmental Effects of Roadway Lighting by Carl Shaflik

143. What Is a True "Full-Cutoff" Outdoor Lighting Fixture? by Bob Crelin

144. Leveling Flat-Lens Cobrahead Streetlights for Optimum Glare Reduction

148. Estimating Average Illumination Levels

169. Retrofitting Ballasted Area Lights to an Edison Socket by John Gilkison

178. Lighting and the Visual Environment for Senior Living 

       (Overview of Illuminating Engineering Society of North America RP-28-98)

 

Lighting Ordinances

 

    General Information 

 60. Communities Initiate Steps to Illuminate Streets, Not Skies 

      (reprinted with permission of Page Electric Utility Round-Up Bulletin)

 78. Basic Lighting Laws and Some Notes on Pole Spacing Geometry

158. Initiating a Lighting Ordinance in Your Municipality by C. Stanley Stubbe

172. Outdoor Lighting Ordinances and Community Standards

180. How to Get State Legislation Passed by Robyn Martin

181. Getting Started With an Outdoor Lighting Ordinance by David Penasa

 

Dark Sky Advocacy

 

    Getting Started 

 40. Dark Sky Advocacy: How to Get Started

 

    Public Outreach

 22. Sample Letter: Building Awareness About Light Pollution          (En Espaol)        

 90. Handout: Light Pollution--Theft of the Night!           (En Espaol)

128. How to Talk to the Media

138. Evaluating and Existing or Proposed Lighting Installation by Paul Lutkevich

147. Sound Bites for use in presentations

186. Sample Letter: Good Lighting Makes Good Neighbors

 

    Campaigning for Dark Skies

 

  6. Advice on Working with Community Leaders, Officials, and Others

158. Initiating a Lighting Ordinance in Your Municipality by C. Stanley Stubbe

180. How to Get State Legislation Passed by Robyn Martin

181. Getting Started With an Outdoor Lighting Ordinance by David Penasa

 

    Documenting Light Pollution

 97. Tips for Nighttime Photography

146. Photographing Examples of Light Pollution--The Basics

 

    Grass-Roots Fundraising

 22. Sample Letter: Building Awareness About Light Pollution          (En Espaol)

153. Information on Non-Profit Organization Fund Raising

155. How to Ask

 

The International Dark-Sky Association (IDA)

 

    General Information

          

138. Evaluating an Existing or Proposed Lighting Installation by Paul Lutkevich

 

    IDA Sections

  8. Developing Local & Regional IDA Sections

 

     Archives

  Archived Information Sheets (Note: These Information Sheets are provided for historical purposes only as the content may be out of date.)