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Astrophotography Tips & Tricks

Astrophotography tips and tricks

Photo by Bettymaya Foott

With our second annual Capture the Dark Photography Contest underway, we thought it was a good time to round up some talented astrophotographers from around the world to share some of their tips and tricks for capturing incredible images of the night sky and using them as a tool for dark sky advocacy. Meet them and check out their tips and tricks below!

 

Adam Gordon | USA

www.adamgordon.photography/
@adammgordon
YouTube
Blog

My name is Adam Gordon, and I am a 19-year-old photographer based out of Henderson, Nevada.  I began astrophotography five years ago when I became insanely interested in space. I got a telescope, bought a camera, and started taking pictures of the night sky.  Ever since I have been obsessed with photographing the stars and the Milky Way.  Over the years, I have been fortunate enough to travel to many different states and National Parks located in California, Arizona, Utah, and Nevada and continually improve upon my craft. I also recently attended the Nightscaper Conference in Kanab, Utah as the 1st place Youth Scholarship winner!

Astrophotography Tips & Tricks

Settings: Nikon D750 with a Nikkor 50mm F/1.8 lens, 10 shot panorama, shutter speed 8 seconds, ISO 6400, F/2

Adam’s Tip:

Here’s a quick tip for capturing awesome night selfies!  The first step is the most obvious one, and that is to find a dark location.  Preferably around a new moon so you can have hours and hours of nice dark skies!  The next best tip is knowing how to position yourself (or your friend/family member) correctly to achieve the best shot.  Personally, I love night silhouettes.  They contrast exceptionally well with the night sky and can make for some pretty jaw-dropping images.  You need to find a rock, hill, ledge, or really anything with a high vantage point.  The idea is to position yourself so that your whole body is against the night sky.  No mountains, no trees, just you.  In the exposure, you will remain dark, and the sky will become a bit brighter.  This difference will be enough for you to be seen in the picture easily.

This photo (above) was taken in Anza Borrego Desert State Park, California, and was shot in July 2017.  I had scouted out this hill during the day and knew it would be a perfect location to get a nice silhouette of my friend with the Milky Way behind him.  After taking some shots, I told him to stand still as I snapped away.  I call this photo “Night Explorer” and love the sense of scale my friend provides as he points toward our galaxy and into a sea of stars.

 

Jorgelina Alvarez | Argentina

@astrolina_photography
TWAN Profile

Jorgelina Alvarez was born in Las Flores, Argentina,  a place filled with peace, nature, and tranquility. During her childhood, she explored the Universe that was around her, increasing her sense of curiosity. Her experience in exploration and her connection with astronomy is through photography. She also expresses herself through it. It’s a way to promote science and art at the same time. Jorgelina has been recognized by the media, such as Infobae (a digital newspaper), La Liga de la Ciencia (a TV show), La Nación (a newspaper), and journalists, like Jorge Lanata. Exhibiting individually and collectively in different exhibitions in Argentina, Latin America, and internationally. Jorgelina has received many mentions and awards for her photography work done in Antarctica. For several years, her profession was meteorology. Now, she is a full-time photographer, especially a landscape astrophotographer.

Mirage: Far away from everything and our comfort zone, near to the water, with the mud up to my ankles and a constant wind that staggered me at times with its force, I took this photograph. I hope it can express the beauty of being there, in that magical place, surrounded by an awesome landscape and a cosmos that let its light be captured. From Antofagasta de la Sierra, Catamarca, Argentina. Panorama of 32 photos – ISO 8000/ 20seconds/ f1.8- taken horizontally – Sony A7s- merged and edited in Photoshop CS6. Taken with a Sony A7s Rokinon 20mm f1.8.

Jorelina’s Tip: 

I look for is express what I see during the night in astrophotography. My look is my style because photographic techniques are the same for everyone, but composition and development differentiate us. My best advice is to love nature, enjoy it, feel it in your whole body and then take it in the best way to a photograph. The best “trick” is to know the terrain during the day, manage your camera memory, bring some chocolates (for the cold), and be in good company.

 

Mikhaile Savary | USA

@starboy32285

Hi, everyone! My name is Mikhaile Savary, aka @starboy32285, and I am a lawyer by day and aspiring astrophotographer by night. I have always had a deep interest in astronomy, but my astrophotography journey started in 2019 when my family moved from the light-polluted skies of Manhattan to the decidedly darker (and unpredictably cloudy) environs of Central New Jersey. What started with an eyepiece and an iPhone has blossomed into an eye-popping collection of gear that helps me collect photons from deep-sky objects from the comfort of my suburban backyard. 

Rosette Nebula, taken with Celestron 130 SLT telescope and QHY 163m camera.

Mikhaile’s Tip:

One thing I really love about the hobby is that it is reminiscent of when I was a kid, staring up at clouds and imagining what shapes they looked like. After all, nebulae are nothing more than deep-space clouds, albeit clouds that are incubating brand new stars. My childhood cloud-watching is a perspective I keep in mind every time I shoot, and it’s probably the driving force behind the editing topic I emphasize the most: star control. “More clouds, less stars” is probably the last thing you’d expect an astrophotographer to say, but when it comes to exposing nebulosity, this mantra has served me well. Stars are literally just pinpricks of light, which can easily bleed over many pixels as you stretch your image. They obscure the nebulae in your exposures and will become the star of your picture (pun intended) without careful control. One tip I’ve incorporated in my workflow is to remove stars before stretching/editing my target. There are several excellent tools and tutorials you can use to accomplish this, and it’s been transformative in allowing me to pull out faint nebulosity without blowing out the highlights from stars. This technique is displayed in this image of the Rosette Nebula (above) taken with my Celestron 130 SLT telescope and QHY 163m camera. I think it captures the essence of its namesake, with gaseous filaments billowing in the shape of a rose. I’m pretty sure the kid who enjoyed pointing out shapes in the clouds would love this shot. Thanks for reading, and here’s wishing everyone clear (and dark) skies!

 

Sergio Emilio Montúfar Codoñer | Guatemala

www.pinceladasnocturnas.com
@pinceladasnocturnas
Facebook Page

Sergio is a recognized light pollution activist, multi-award-winning astrophotographer, that was born in Guatemala City. At a young age, he showed a great passion for astronomy. His life full of life-changing experiences, Sergio quit his job to move to Argentina and learned astronomy at La Plata University Astronomy Faculty. Here, he developed his skills as the official astrophotographer for the institution. Over the years, Sergio has collaborated with cultural, scientific, conservation, public, and private institutions around Latin America, including the European Space Agency. He focuses on documenting astronomy heritage and promoting sustainable activities, science, and dark sky conservation through events and art exhibitions. UNESCO Guatemala has recognized Sergio’s efforts. FORBES credited him as one of the most creative minds in the region. Sergio is currently a part of the Board of Directors of the International Dark-Sky Association and collaborates with the Ministry of Culture and Sports of Guatemala.

Through my Spaceship: This photo was taken over 11000 feet above sea level on my way to Argentina. This is officially my first Milky Way shot for this year’s season. (Settings: ISO a 12800 f3.5, 3.2 sec, 28mm)

Sergio’s Tip(s):

This was the message I shared when I uploaded this image to my Facebook page Milky Way Addicted, captured, and shared on February 28th, 2016.

After four years of planning and traveling around Guatemala and Argentina, I finally capture this single shot of the Milky Way from an airplane window with an Argentinian moonlighted landscape (above). I wanted to share this with the world immediately. I arrived home, found the best image of the sequence, processed it, and uploaded it.

Apparently, some colleagues had not seen a Milky Way shot from an airplane window with the landscape before, since many had doubts it was not fake, I only found this Astronomy Picture Of the Day published in 2014 during quick research. It shows the Milky Way from a plane but no landscape.

I received many supportive messages and other messages from angry people who pointed out that it was fake. After several debates in the photo’s comments and having shared the screenshots of my raws, the angry people finally calmed down.

Nowadays, the number of astrophotography’s taken from airplanes windows are more common. We find good tutorials on the web and, of course, better camera gears and improved capturing techniques.

Through my professional experience, I have learned that photography has the ability to change the world and how we perceive our reality. Every image you capture is important because it will inspire someone. That is the essence of art.

From this experience, I learned:

  • Be patient. You can try many times and it will never be enough. You will always want to improve your work.
  • Getting popular represents a growing opportunity, but also a great responsibility.
  • You must stay true to your style.
  • Always be honest and truthful to yourself and to the people you share your work with.
  • Any unethical behavior like presenting something fake as a real image can end your career.
  • Enjoy the moment and tell the people that surround you what you do.
  • “Don’t run away from moonlight.” I have seen so many great landscape astrophotographers playing with moonlight, if you want to play with the Moon, the best option, in my opinion, is working within the First Quarter, Waxing Crescent, New Moon, and Third Quarter Moon to get a well-detailed landscape but also showing some details of our galaxy.
  • The most important: Use your work to change the world.
  • (If you want to learn camera tips, I invite you to search the web for your favorite free tutorials).

 

Bettymaya Foott | USA

www.bettymayafoott.com
@bettymaya.foott
Facebook
Twitter
LinkedIn

Hi! My name is Bettymaya Foott, and I’ve been taking photos of the night sky for 6 years. My first photo of the Milky Way was taken as a part of a dark sky park application, and I’ve been hooked ever since. I am a member of The World at Night, and my day job is working as the Director of Engagement for the International Dark-Sky Association. I love to use astrophotography to communicate the awe and wonder of a naturally dark sky. 

Astrophotography Tip: Use Moonlight

Moonrise star trails over a mountain lake. This series of images captures about an hour of darkness before the 95% illuminated Moon rises, lighting up the golden aspen and grasses in the foreground. A timelapse sequence of 285 photos, stacked in StarStax, taken on a Canon 5d mark iv with a Sigma 14 mm at f2.8, each 15 seconds iso 2500.

Bettymaya’s Tip:

My biggest tip for astrophotographers is to utilize natural light to illuminate the foreground in their images. The two options I use for this are sunlight (blue hour) and moonlight. For images that communicate the importance of dark skies – it’s best to avoid using artificial light.

Don’t be scared of the Moon! I love the way that moonlight creates dramatic shadows and lights up vast landscapes in my nightscape images. When I first started shooting, I only shot during the New Moon. Once I started experimenting with utilizing moonlight in my shots, I was shocked at how much drama and detail it added! You’ll also be amazed at how much milky way you can capture even when the moon is up.

Astrophotography Tip: Use Blue Hour

Blue hour single exposure. Canon 5d Mark 4 Sigma 14 mm f 1.8 ISO 4000 20 seconds.

My other favorite way to use natural light to illuminate my foregrounds is to capture the stars in a single exposure during the ‘blue hour.’ This is when the sun has set enough to reveal the beautiful stars and milky way but is still up enough to diffuse its light through the atmosphere, creating a blue sky and soft foreground light. This happens when the sun is 4-6 degrees below the horizon. It happens fast, so be ready! I usually shoot around when I can see all the stars in Scorpius after sunset. Just set up your shot and be ready! 

 

 Cindy Mariela Lorenzo | Guatemala

@cindylorenzophoto
Facebook

My passion for photography started from a very young age, but it was thanks to my first cell phone that I started taking photos. I love climbing volcanoes, and one night in November 2016, I saw the moon aligned with Venus and the volcano of fire. From that night, my love for astrophotography began. My dedication and effort have led me to fulfill some of my dreams. I collaborate for National Geographic Latinoamérica, BBC Latinoamérica, among others. But the most important thing is that thanks to the privilege that we have in life has motivated me to share that beautiful message of conscience to save the beauty that we still have.

Volcano of Fire. Settings: one photo, ISO 3200, 25s, f 3.5, distancia focal 27mm.

Cindy’s Tip(s): 

  • Never forget your tripod! I recommend that you always make a checklist of the photography equipment you need before each trip.
  • Always tell a story or a message in each of your photos.
  • Always be patient if things didn’t go as planned and especially with changes in the weather. I’ll tell you about my experience. In 2019 before the pandemic, I made a trip to the Volcano of Fire, and when I got to the base camp, my plans totally changed, it was raining, and I was honestly sad because the photographs were not the way I wanted them. That night I was awake a little more, and thanks to my patience, the sky cleared, and at the same time, the volcano began to make powerful eruptions. Thanks to my patience that night, I took two of my favorite pictures of the volcano. In one of the photographs, you can see a person praying over the volcano of fire, and in the other photo, you can see the alignment of the cloud of smoke from the volcano with the southern part of the night sky.
     

    2nd Volcano of Fire photo

  • Always make the most of the photographic equipment you have, and the important thing is that you try to share the message that you never forget to look up at the sky because we are connected to the heart of the earth and the heart of the sky.

 

Do you have an astrophotography tip you’d like to share? Post it on social media and tag us with @idadarksky and #idadarksky.
 

Additional Resources:

To learn more about the 2021 Capture the Dark Photography Contest and submit a photo, go here.

Meet the Judges of the 2021 Capture the Dark Photography Contest here.

 

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