Tonto National Monument, established by President Theodore Roosevelt in December 1907, contains the ruins of two cliff dwellings established by the Salado Indians around 1300 AD. As with many other ancient peoples of the Southwest, the Salado appear to have abandoned their villages suddenly, early in the fifteenth century, for reasons which are not known. The 1,120-acre national monument is located 0.8 miles from state Route 188 (The Apache Trail) and along the shore of Theodore Roosevelt Lake.
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